Tactile Switches

Tactile Switches

See product information

Definition

These small sized switches are placed on PCBs and are used to close an electrical circuit when the button is pressed by a person.
When the button is pressed, the switches turn ON and when the button is released, the switches turn OFF.

A tactile switch is a switch whose operation is perceptible by touch.

Features

Click Response The click response of the button lets the user feel the response of the operation from the switch.
High Durability The contact dome, which also acts as a moving contact, has specific materials, surface processing and shape properties to maintain a stable contact over a long period of use.

Most uses of Tactile Switches are to input an ON/OFF signal to devices.

Models

There are two types of Tactile Switches: Tactile Switches and Sealed Tactile Switches.
They are further sub-categorized into PCB Insert Hole Terminals Types or PCB Surface Mounted Terminals Types, depending on how the switch is mounted to a PCB.
Other product variations include small sized and Low-profile Types, Long and Medium-stroke Types, switches packaged on tape and more.

  Tactile Switches
PCB Insert Hole Terminals
Standard Types

Horizontal Pushbutton Types

Hinge Lever Types
PCB Surface Mounted Terminals
Standard Types

Ultra Subminiature Types

Long-stroke Types
  Sealed Tactile Switches
PCB Insert Hole Terminals
Standard Types

Radial Taping Packaging
 
PCB Surface Mounted Terminals
Standard Types

Low-profile Types

Medium-stroke Types

Structures

Tactile Switches

Standard Tactile Switches consist of four components: cover, plunger, contact dome and base.
The base combines the contacts and terminals into a single component.

1
Cover
The cover is utilized along with the base to protect the internal mechanisms of the switch.
It is made by pressing a metal plate.
2
Plunger
The plunger relays the force of the person pressing the switch to the contact dome.
It is generally made of resin, but sometimes rubber is used for larger strokes.
3
Contact Dome
The contact dome is a circular part made of metal.
It reverses when force is applied, and allows current to flow between the contacts to turn the switch ON. When the force is removed, the contact dome returns to its original shape and the switch turns OFF.
4
Base
The base is made of resin and both the contacts and terminals are combined into a single component.
It forms the base to which all other components of the switch are attached.
5
Contacts and Terminals
There are two types of terminals: ones that are inserted into insert holes on a PCB and ones that are mounted on the surface of a PCB.
Sealed Tactile Switches

Sealed Tactile Switches contain all the components of the Standard Tactile Switches, in addition to a pushbutton and film to create a sealed design.

1
Cover
2
Pushbutton
The pushbutton is a resin component designed that is pressed by a person.
The force it receives from a push is relayed to the plunger through the film.
3
Film
The film is a thin resin sheet.
It seals the contact dome and contacts to prevent any moisture or foreign objects from reaching these components.
This component is required to seal the switch.
4
Plunger
The plunger relays the force received through the film to the contact dome and causes it to reverse.
5
Contact Dome
6
Base
7
Contacts and Terminals

Product Lineup

  6 × 6mm 12 × 12mm Other sizes
  Tactile Switches
PCB Insert Hole Terminals B3F Standard Types B3J Hinge Lever Types
B3M Long-stroke Types   B3W-9 Illuminated Types
PCB Surface Mounted Terminals B3FS Standard Types   B3U Ultra Subminiature Types
B3AL Long-stroke Types    
  6 × 6 mm 12 × 12 mm Other sizes
  Sealed Tactile Switches
PCB Insert Hole Terminals B3W Standard Types B3WN Radial taping packaging
PCB Surface Mounted Terminals B3S Standard Types    
B3SN Low-profile Types    
B3SL Medium-stroke Types    

Applications Examples

Operating Parameter Settings and Operations for Commercial and Industrial Equipment

  • Control panels on vending machines and security alarms
  • Control panels on measuring devices

Vending Machines

Security Alarms

Measuring Devices

Operating Settings and Start/Stop Operations on Consumer Electronics and Office Automation Equipment

  • Control panels on printers and copiers
  • Control panels on washing machines

Printers

Copiers

Washing Machines